by Lee Temple 

CSP uses mirror fields to focus solar energy on a tower receiver near the center of the array of mirrors. Steam from boilers in the tower drives a turbine, generating electricity for the transmission grid.

CSP uses mirror fields to focus solar energy on a tower receiver near the center of the array of mirrors. Steam from boilers in the tower drives a turbine, generating electricity for the transmission grid.

This is the first in a two-part series examining the energy sector’s role in healing climate change.  I’m investigating both large- and small-scale energy projects—two major approaches whose often conflicting, polarized mindsets genuinely reflect the larger complexity of community and world transformation today.  I seek the ever-elusive “bigger-picture” perspective that might bring a synergy to both, and perhaps add some clarity amidst the confusion.   This month’s article is primarily about the large-scale; next’s will cover the small.

The global context:  The IPCC (International Panel on Climate Change) identifies 2015 as “the tipping point,” the time after which no human activity will forestall catastrophic global climate change (CC), although human carbon emissions won’t peak until around 2030.  CC detractors still largely disregard CC science.

Of Earth’s 7+ billion humans, nearly 1% are homeless today.  Many are “climate refugees,” including 20+ million victims (four hundredtimes our valley’s population) from the 2010 Pakistani monsoon event alone.  We’ll have an estimated 200 million climate refugees by 2050, so beyond politics, it’s actually a real survival issue.  CC detractors usually aren’t among the homeless!  Pew Research reports that 84% of the world believes CC to be real, and majorities in all countries surveyed believe humanity is to blame.

Tomorrow's large-scale, multi-bio-regional green-energy systems will provide greater resilience for more extreme climate change. The African/European Desertec Supergrid Project will link electricity generated in Africa to consumers in Europe and employ multiple renewable fuel-sources that will generate 100GW by 2050.

In all this data, surely the most powerful headline is the “dead”-line: FOUR YEARS LEFT!  It elicits unpredictable, powerful feelings and emotions: grief, dread, fear, anxiety, anger, despair, helplessness, and hopefully, a greater sense of urgency—the motivation to do all we can, in time.  Many folks, lead by activists like Tim DeChristopher and Bill McKibben, have adopted direct civil disobedience against massive fossil-fuel energy projects in response.  It’s radical decision-making and action-time!

In this context, Global-Interdependence Philosophy sees all aspects of civilization as interrelated, especially energy usage, recognizing that global problems like CC require global solutions.  It uses collaborative, interdependent relationships among governments, utilities, corporations, and developer/financiers to implement quick, effective, large- and mega-projects.  It also empowers small ones—as the underlying corporate infrastructure providing essential small-scale solution-ingredients like the solar panel.

Yet such obvious large/small interdependence doesn’t defuse their quarrel concerning appropriate project scale and associated local impacts. Large projects are criticized for greater local disruption, while small ones are less disruptive (and less carbon-reducing).  Sometimes we’re culpable no matter what we do (100 million of the billion birds we kill each year die colliding with glass).

Bio-regional interdependence sees our valley (SLV) non-autonomously, as an individual bio-region in the larger continental family and global community of bio-regions, a key contributing participant in the larger, organic whole.   It recognizes that neighboring bio-regions aren’t always so renewable-energy-fortunate.  Being a good bio-regional neighbor means sharing our “solar wealth” with less fortunate neighboring bio-regions.  Large-scale projects and relationships help make such important sharing happen.

Keeping Crestone and the SLV pristine requires massive environmental degradation elsewhere today. If we don't make renewables-based power, we directly support a Colorado coal power plant like this one. Ours is the Craig Station (1,274 MW).

Large-scale renewable-energy systems include hydrogen, bio-fuels, solar, wind, hydroelectric and geothermal energy. These renewable energy sources lead to fuel-cell transportation, 120,000 megawatts (MW) of wind-power, and many 100,000’s of MW’s of solar and geothermal projects worldwide.

Some ideological pivoting is required for small- and large-approach advocates to enter into authentic, mutually-respectful partnership.  The Occupy Movement demonstrates our mistrust of global corporate manipulations that seek individual rights but reject obvious responsibilities. Yet such self-protective corporate behaviors are part of human nature.  We all seek to protect ourselves and the things we value—in our case, this precious valley and a balanced, whole, nature-loving life.  But even in our treasured remoteness, we live in profound interdependence with the corporations providing our housing, workplaces, energy/fuel, transportation, clothing, healthcare, communications, entertainment and leisure.  Eliminating just one large-scale corporate enterprise (fossil-fuel-based trucking, for example) could decimate the resiliency afforded by our food/fuel/supplies in days.  Clearly, our sustenance takes a global corporate village today.

The large-scale approach thus seeks fair, balanced trade between the valley and the larger world, a sharing of the corporate infrastructure burden, and accepting at least some of the responsibility for sustaining it here.  Thankfully, multi-decade transformative leadership by far-sighted visionaries like Paul Hawken, Al Gore, Amory Lovins, William McDonough and Jeremy Rifkin pioneered green commerce models that have improved the global business activities of established corporations and new ones like SolarReserve.

The current (2010) global carbon footprint is over 36.8 metric gigatons/CO2/year (gty), with (coal-intensive) power generation (46%), transportation (23%), and industry (19%) leading the emissions parade.  Large-scale efforts in these major sectors will thus mitigate the lion’s share, followed by multi-scale global energy-efficiency improvements, smart growth, land-use-practice improvements, and the small-scale approach, over the next 20-30 years.  Clearly, more approaches are better than one!

SLV now hosts ca. 40-45 MW of medium-scale photovoltaic (PV) solar, so we’ve still miles to go.  SolarReserve is currently SLV’s only larger-scale, high-effectiveness, quick-turn-around option.  Each of its two planned 100 MW phases (75% of SLV’s peak load ea.) take 2.5 years to build.  When fully completed, it would single-handedly mitigate the majority of SLV’s carbon footprint—2.4 million/tons/CO2/yr!  Most or all the power will stay here short-term, enhancing our electrical resilience, self-reliance and energy-independence while small-scale projects ramp up.

A proven technology, SolarReserve has similar Power Tower projects under construction in Utah, Spain and California.  It will require less water than existing on-site agricultural uses, and become SLV’s sole provider of commercial, full-cycle solar power (night and day).  Other benefits include: appropriate siting away from wetlands/flyways, 50 long-term jobs, significant, sustained, county tax-base revenue-enhancement, and not requiring any community effort, organizing, fundraising or up-front costs.

Concerns/criticisms include tower height and glow, potential salt-pond environmental issues and possible avian impacts.  For more info., please review Matie Belle Lakish’s Eagle article (January 2012, page 28), or websites:, (for 1041 information/other information).   Although not requiring EPA review, SolarReserve’s on-site biological survey, literature review, etc. are available in the 1041 documents.

In the bigger picture, SolarReserve will greatly support the health and vitality of the larger whole, the global interdependence of humanity and nature.  If we still had lots of time, and the SLV was an idyllic, autonomous world unto itself, we could legitimately wait for superior technologies and/or small-is-beautiful methodologies to save the day. Unfortunately though, time is short, we don’t live in a vacuum, and we can’t continue shirking the CC heavy-lifting.  Although it’s imperfect, one trait makes SolarReserve admirable and worthy of our support:  its huge, global-interdependence-recognizing, carbon-saving paradigm is doable, right here, right now, and hopefully, in time.

Next month I’ll investigate the much-loved small-scale approach to Earth-healing.

A long-time Crestone sustainability advocate, writer, community organizer and consultant, Lee Temple has been living the low (carbon) life and continuously producing “100% Genuine SLV Solar Power” since 1993.  These exciting topics and more are covered in his forthcoming book, The Inherent Unity of All Things, Healing the World with Mindfulness, Understanding, and Loving Kindness.